ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) is a disorder which surrounds the behaviour of an individual. As the name suggests, attention, impulsiveness and hyperactivity are the main issues which are affected. Most diagnoses are typically made between the ages of 6 and 12 years old.
Currently there is a fierce debate amongst psychologists as to whether ADHD is a legitimate disorder or whether it is simply a society based condition. The argument is based on the symptoms and with the findings that it is much rarer to be diagnosed with ADHD as an adult, as they learn to ‘conform’ with the expectations of society.
- Makes careless mistakes
- Difficulty concentrating
- Appears not to be listening when spoken to
- Fails to finish tasks
- Difficulty organising tasks
- Dislikes and avoids tasks which require a lot of mental effort
- Misplaces necessary items
- Easily distracted
- Hyperactivity and Impulsiveness
- Leaves unexpectedly
- Feeling restless or runs about inappropriately
- Unable to play quietly
- Uncomfortable being still for a period of time
- Talks excessively
- Completes other people’s sentences
- Can’t wait for their turn
- Interrupts or intrudes on others
Not a clue.
Some believe it is genetic, as ADHD appears to run in families. Meanwhile others have researched the brain. They believe that the physical structure of the brain may be attributed to the cause of ADHD. Others have suggested that the brains of those with ADHD take longer to mature, on average about 2-3 years longer. Other research points towards a chemical imbalance with the neurotransmitters.
Medication and therapy are often used to treat ADHD, often a combination of the two. A range of drugs are used to treat different aspects of ADHD, meaning that they may not need to be taken every day. Likewise a variety of therapies can be used targeting different aspects of ADHD.
It is worth talking to your doctor to explore the best options for you or your child, as often side-effects come with the medical interventions. Similarly no two diagnoses of ADHD will get the same treatment, as the medicines target different areas.
Other treatments include adjusting diet or taking supplements such as Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids.
If you are concerned, please talk to your doctor.